Relationship between gender, age, academic achievement, emotional intelligence, and coping styles in Bahraini adolescents
Alumran J.I.A., Punam�ki R.-L.
SourcetitleIndividual Differences Research
The first aim of this study was to examine gender and age differences in emotional intelligence (EI) and coping styles amongst a sample of Bahraini adolescents. The second aim was to investigate how gender, age, academic achievement, and emotional intelligence would explain the variations in the adolescents' coping styles. Participants were 312 Bahraini adolescents who were randomly selected from intermediate schools, and secondary schools, and the University of Bahrain. Participants completed the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version-Short Form (EQ-i:YV) and the Adolescents' Coping Styles Scale (ACS) - General Short Form. Results showed that gender, but not age, was significantly associated with both EI and the coping styles of Bahraini adolescents. Girls showed higher levels of Interpersonal emotional intelligence and Non-Productive coping styles than boys. EI significantly contributed to the variance in all three coping styles including Problem Solving, Reference to Others, and Non-Productive coping styles. Academic achievement accounted for the variance in social coping (Reference to Others), and gender for the variance in the Non-Productive coping. Copyright � 2008 IDA.