Study of Theoretical and Numerical Fluid Characteristics of Plain Wing with Winglets
PublisherInstitute of Physics Publishing
SourcetitleIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Aerodynamic characteristics of plain wing designed for Light Sport Aircraft has been studied. The fluid characteristics include induced drag and lift to drag ratio. Then, winglets are added to reduce the induced drag and increase the lift to drag ratio which are affected by the wing tip vortices. The theoretical and numerical approaches are used to verify the results. A rectangular untwisted 9.528 m wing spans with an Airfoil NACA 4412 was used for the basic design. Winglets are added with a tip airfoil of NACA 0012, side angle of 65� and new projected area of 10.328 m2. Lift and drag coefficients are used as means to measure the improvement of the aerodynamic characteristics. The wing tip vortices increase the induced drag and spoil the lift over the wing's surface. The winglets design main objectives are to decrease the induced drag, decrease the fuel consumption, and increase the flight safety, especially in take-off condition. The wing with winglets model was simulated first using 3-D Fluent ANSYS version 14 at 50 m/s velocity and (0�, 5�, and 10�) angles of attack with laminar flow and standard atmospheric conditions at 15�C, and 101 kPa and all other flow parameters as well. The second verification method was to simulate the 3-D model using the 3-D Foil Multi-Surfaces code again with the same flow parameters. Finally, the last verification method was to solve the problem theoretically using the theoretical governing equations. The theoretical solutions were used as a base line for all other results. The total drag reduction observed from the calculation is about 2% to 14.5% during the takeoff regime, where the induced drag contributes about 60% of total drag of the wings. The lift to drag ratio improved also in our designed model wing with winglets by a maximum of 18.6% from the plain wing design. � Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.